WordPress is a popular content management system (CMS) and blogging platform that allows users to easily create and manage websites. It is built on PHP and uses a MySQL or MariaDB database to store content. WordPress provides a user-friendly interface and a wide range of themes and plugins, making it highly customizable and flexible for any type of website.
Here is a step-by-step guide to install WordPress on a CentOS 7 server:
Step 1: Update System Packages
Before installing any software, it is recommended to update the system packages to their latest versions. This can be done using the following commands:
sudo yum update sudo yum upgrade
Step 2: Install LAMP Stack
WordPress requires a LAMP stack (Linux, Apache, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP) to run. Install the necessary components using the following command:
Secure the MariaDB installation by running the mysql_secure_installation script:
Follow the instructions to set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove test databases.
Step 5: Create a Database for WordPress
Create a new database and user for WordPress:
sudo mysql -u root -p CREATE DATABASE wordpress; CREATE USER 'wordpressuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password'; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wordpress.* TO 'wordpressuser'@'localhost'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; EXIT;
Replace 'password' with a strong password of your choice.
Step 6: Download and Configure WordPress
Download and extract the latest WordPress package:
cd /var/www/html sudo wget https://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz sudo tar -xvzf latest.tar.gz sudo mv wordpress/* . sudo chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html
Step 7: Configure WordPress Database Settings
Rename the sample configuration file and provide the database details:
sudo mv wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php sudo vi wp-config.php
Replace 'password' with the password you set for the database user.
Step 8: Configure Apache Virtual Host
Create a virtual host configuration file for WordPress:
sudo vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/wordpress.conf
Add the following lines:
ServerName your-domain.com DocumentRoot /var/www/html/ AllowOverride All
Replace 'your-domain.com' with your actual domain name or server IP address.
Step 9: Restart Apache Service
Restart the Apache service to apply the changes:
sudo systemctl restart httpd
Step 10: Complete WordPress Installation
Open a web browser and navigate to your domain or server IP address. You will be greeted with the WordPress installation page. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the installation by providing a site title, username, password, and email.
That's it! You have successfully installed WordPress on CentOS 7.
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