Installing NFS (Network File System) on Ubuntu 22.04
NFS (Network File System) is a distributed file system protocol that allows users to access files on remote hosts as if they were local. It enables sharing files and directories between multiple Linux/Unix systems over the network. NFS provides a simple and efficient way to share files among multiple servers and clients, making it ideal for environments with large amounts of data and shared resources.
To install NFS on Ubuntu 22.04, follow these steps:
sudo apt update
sudo apt install nfs-kernel-server
sudo mkdir /shared
sudo nano /etc/exports
sudo systemctl restart nfs-kernel-server
sudo ufw allow nfs
sudo ufw allow nfsd
Open a terminal by going to Applications and searching for Terminal.
Update the package lists by running the command:
Install the NFS server package by running the command:
Once the installation is complete, you need to create a directory that will be shared with NFS. For example, let's create a directory named /shared:
Edit the NFS exports file with a text editor. For example, using the nano editor:
Add the following line to the file to specify the shared directory and the client IP address or network range that will be allowed to access it. Replace with the appropriate IP address or network range:
Save the file and exit the editor.
Restart the NFS server to apply the changes by running the command:
Finally, you need to allow NFS traffic through the firewall. If you are using UFW (Uncomplicated Firewall), run the following commands:
That's it! NFS is now installed and configured on your Ubuntu 22.04 system.
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