The LAMP stack is a popular open-source web development platform that includes Linux as the operating system, Apache as the web server, MySQL as the database management system, and PHP as the scripting language. This guide will walk you through the installation process on Ubuntu 18.04.
Step 1: Update Package Repositories
Before installing any software, it's important to update the package repositories on your Ubuntu system. Open a terminal and execute the following command:
sudo apt update
Step 2: Install Apache
Apache is a widely-used web server that will host your website. To install Apache, run the following command:
sudo apt install apache2
Step 3: Configure Firewall
Allow incoming traffic on port 80, which is the default HTTP port. Execute the command:
sudo ufw allow 'Apache'
Step 4: Install MySQL
MySQL is a popular database management system that will store your website's data. Install MySQL by running the following command:
sudo apt install mysql-server
During the installation, you will be prompted to set a password for the MySQL root user.
Step 5: Install PHP
PHP is a powerful scripting language that is used to dynamically generate web pages. Install PHP and its required modules with the command:
sudo apt install php libapache2-mod-php php-mysql
Step 6: Configure Apache for PHP
To enable PHP processing with Apache, you need to modify the dir.conf file. Open the file using the command:
sudo nano /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/dir.conf
Move the PHP index file index.php to the first position so that it takes precedence over index.html. The file should look like:
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