Apache HTTP Server, commonly referred to as Apache, is a free and open-source web server software. It is one of the most widely used web server software available, serving as the foundation for many popular websites and web applications.
To install Apache HTTP Server on Ubuntu 18.04, you can follow these steps:
Open a terminal on your Ubuntu 18.04 system.
Update the package index to ensure you have the latest package versions: sudo apt update
Install the Apache package: sudo apt install apache2
During the installation, you may be prompted to confirm the installation and enter your sudo password. Proceed with the installation by typing 'Y' and pressing Enter.
Once the installation is complete, Apache will be automatically started. You can verify this by accessing your server's IP address or domain name in a web browser. You should see the Apache default page indicating a successful installation.
After installing Apache, you can configure it further to meet your specific requirements. The main configuration file for Apache is located at /etc/apache2/apache2.conf. You can make changes to this file to modify various settings such as server name, port number, and virtual hosts.
You can start, stop, and restart the Apache service using the following commands:
Start Apache: sudo systemctl start apache2
Stop Apache: sudo systemctl stop apache2
Restart Apache: sudo systemctl restart apache2
Apache also provides a flexible and powerful module system that allows you to extend its functionality. You can install additional modules and plugins to enhance Apache's capabilities for serving dynamic content, handling SSL/TLS encryption, and more.
It is recommended to keep Apache up to date with the latest security patches and updates. You can do this by regularly running the following command to update all installed packages, including Apache: sudo apt upgrade
By following these steps, you can successfully install Apache HTTP Server on Ubuntu 18.04 and begin hosting your websites and web applications.
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